People put so much emphasis on buying a car but, few people know the Tips of maintenance required in them. The modern cars have as many as 50,000 parts, and the malfunction of just one can make your car behave very strangely. In order to keep your car running at its best, it’s important to keep up with routine maintenance and inspections. By properly maintaining your vehicle, you’ll reduce future repair costs, optimize your car’s performance, maintain its value and extend its life. Here are some regular maintenance Tips to follow to keep your vehicle in the best condition.
Check the Engine Oil
Do it regularly—monthly for a vehicle in good condition; more often if you notice an oil leak or find you need to add oil routinely. The car should be parked on level ground so you can get an accurate dipstick reading. Don’t overfill. And if you do have a leak, find and fix it soon.
Check Tire Air Pressure
Once a month and before any extended road trips, use an accurate tire-pressure gauge to check the inflation pressure in each tire, including the spare. Do this when the tires are cold (before the vehicle has been driven or after no more than a couple of miles of driving). Use the inflation pressure recommended by the vehicle’s manufacturer, not the maximum pressure embossed on the tire’s sidewall. The recommended pressure is usually found on a placard on a front door jamb, in the glove compartment, or in the owner’s manual. Also be sure to inspect tires for abnormal or uneven wear, cuts, and any sidewall bulges you can see.
It is advised that digital tire-pressure gauges are probably the best bet overall because they will give an accurate reading or none at all. Many pencil-type gauges are good as well. Note that to check the pressure in a temporary spare tire, which is often 60 psi, you will need a gauge that goes higher than that. These Tips will ensure the long life of the tyres.
Wash the Car
Try to wash the car every week, if you can. Wash the body and, if necessary, hose out the fender wells and undercarriage to remove dirt and road salt. It’s time to wax the finish when water beads become larger than a quarter.
Other Checks at Each Oil Change
For normal driving, many automakers recommend changing the engine oil and filter every 10,000 Kms or six to seven months period, whichever comes first. This is sufficient for the majority of motorists. For “severe” driving—with frequent, very cold starts and short trips, dusty conditions, or trailer towing—the change interval should be shortened to every 5,000 Kms or three to four months interval. (Check your owner’s manual for the specific intervals recommended for your vehicle.) Special engines such as diesel and turbocharged engines may need more-frequent oil changes.
Check the Air Filter
Remove the air-filter element and hold it up to a strong light. If you don’t see light, replace it. Regardless, follow the recommended service intervals.
Check the Constant-Velocity-Joint Boots
On front-wheel-drive and some four-wheel-drive vehicles, examine these bellowslike rubber boots, also known as CV boots, on the drive axles. Immediately replace any that are cut, cracked, or leaking. If dirt contaminates the CV joint it can quickly lead to an expensive fix.
Inspect the Exhaust System
If you’re willing to make under-car inspections, check for rusted-through exhaust parts that need replacing. Also, tighten loose clamps. Do this while the car is up on ramps. If a shop changes your oil, have them make these checks. Listen for changes in the exhaust sound while driving. It’s usually advisable to replace the entire exhaust system all at once rather than to repair sections at different times.
Look at the Brakes
For most people, it makes sense to have a shop check and service the brakes. If you handle your own brake work, remove all wheels and examine the brake system. Replace excessively worn pads or linings, and have badly scored rotors or drums machined or replaced. The brakes should be checked at least twice per year; more often if you drive a lot of miles.
Check the Fluids
On many newer cars, the automatic transmission is sealed. On cars where it is not sealed, check the transmission dipstick with the engine warmed up and running (see the owner’s manual for details). Also, check the power-steering-pump dipstick (it’s usually attached to the fluid reservoir cap) and the level in the brake fluid reservoir. If the brake fluid level is low, top it up and have the system checked for leaks.
Clean the Radiator
Prevent overheating by removing debris with a soft brush and washing the outside of the radiator with a detergent solution. After cleaning fill the radiator with recommended coolant and ensure there are no leaks anywhere.
Check the Battery
Inspect the battery’s terminals and cables to make sure they are securely attached, with no corrosion. If the battery has removable caps, check its fluid level every few months—especially in warmer climates.
Check the belts
The belts are also a crucial and important component of an engine and for its better running the belts should be checked every 40,000 Kms and replaced if required.
Following all these Tips will ensure the longer life of both car and the engine, these small tricks take no time for inspection and can prove very beneficial in maintaining the good health and performance of the vehicle over the years.